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π’°π’°Μ‹πŸ”Šnoun1arm𐒰 π’°Ν˜π“π’»π“π“‚Ν˜π“„π’·they broke my arm2that part of the shoulder to and including the hand3foreleg
To specify what kind of arm or foreleg you want to express, name the animal first. For example, π“Šπ’· 𐒰 refers to the foreleg(s) of a buffalo (cow). If you want to specify the right or left arm, right or left follows arm. For example, 𐒰 π’»π“‡π“ˆπ“‚Ν˜π’Όπ’° is "right arm."This particular entry is considered the more accurate way to express this idea in modern Osage.
𐒰𐒰1interrogative sign2an interrogation sign, used at the end of a sentence
𐒰𐒰1imperative sign, used by a female2imperative (particle appearing at the end of a command; replaces final 𐒷 of verb)π’°Μ„Ν˜π’Όπ“ŽΜ 𐓍𐒰̄go get it for me𐒹𐒰́𐓄𐒰 π“„π“ŽΜπ“’π’·π“π’°!dry that corn!π“π’»π““π’»ΜΝ˜π’Όπ’· 𐒿𐒻̋ π“ˆπ’°Ν˜, π’Ήπ“ŽΜ‹ 𐓋𐒷 𐒷́𐒰when Sonny gets back here, have him come over hereπ’Όπ“Žπ“†π“ŽΜπ“π’· 𐒰remember itπ’½π’°Μ‹Ν˜π“Šπ’·π“’π’» π“π’»Μ„π’Ώπ“‚Μπ“Šπ’°peel the orangeFemale
𐒰-𐒰verbSubjectpfx1IThis is an affix that cannot be used by itself. It is attached to other words or roots.
𐒰-𐒰́verbpfx1on𐓁𐒻́𐒽𐒰𐓇𐒻 π“π’°ΜΝ˜π’½π’° 𐓇𐒼𐒻 π’°Μπ’Ώπ’»Μ„Ν˜ 𐒻̋𐓆𐒻𐓄𐒷, 𐒻́𐓁𐒰𐒹𐒻𐓓𐒻𐓄𐒷he didn't like to carry people on his back, he didn't agree with it2upon3on or upon4for𐒻-𐓂-Quintero notes on page 3 of her Osage Dictionary (2009) that this term is a "locative prefix; sometimes has a benefactive sense."This is an affix that cannot be used by itself. It is attached to other words or roots.
π’°Ν˜π’°Μ‹Ν˜interj1yes2yes (female speaking)Female𐒹𐓂𐓏𐒷
π’°Ν˜-π’°Ν˜verbpfx11st person singular patient pronominal, used as object of active verbs ('me', 'for me', 'to me', 'from me', etc.)21st person singular patient pronominal prefix, used as subject of stative verbs ('I')This is an affix that cannot be used by itself. It is attached to other words or roots.
π’°Ν˜-π’°Ν˜verbpfx11st person dual or plural agent pronominal ('we', subject of regular or syncopating verbs)Quintero notes on page 22 of her Osage Dictionary (2009) that π’°Ν˜- becomes π’°Ν˜π’Ό- before 𐒰, π’°Ν˜, 𐓂, and π“‚Ν˜. She also notes on page 21 that verbs beginning with 𐒻- merge with π’°Ν˜- to form π’°Ν˜π“π’°Ν˜-This is an affix that cannot be used by itself. It is attached to other words or roots.
𐒰 π’Όπ’°Ν˜π’°Μ„ π’½π’°ΜΝ˜noun1muscle of the arm𐒰 𐒼'π’°Ν˜π’°π’Όπ’°Ν˜
𐒰𐒹𐒰𐒰́𐒹𐒰𐒰𐒹𐒰́1wheneveradverbπ“€π’°ΜΝ˜π“’π’·π’»Μπ’· 𐓂𐒽𐒻́𐒷 𐒰́𐒹𐒰 𐓂𐒽𐒻́𐒽𐒻𐒷 𐒰𐒼𐓐𐒱́they talked [by phone] whenever he called𐒻̋𐓏𐒻𐓍𐒻 𐒰́𐒹𐒰 𐓂𐓏𐒻́𐒽𐒻𐒷 π“€π’°Ν˜π““π’»Μ 𐓉𐒰 π“€π’»Ν˜π’Όπ“‡π’·Μwhenever I see you I'm not going to talk to youπ“‚Ν˜π’Όπ“‚Μπ“π’»π’½π’»π’·π“„π’» 𐒰́𐒹𐒰 𐓍𐒰𐒼'𐒷́𐓏𐒰𐓍𐒰𐒼𐒻𐒷 𐓉𐒰 π“π’»Ν˜π’Όπ“‡π’·Μ 𐒰̋𐓄𐒷they said you would pity us whenever we talk to youπ’°Ν˜π“π’°ΜΝ˜π“π’°π“„π’» 𐒰́𐒹𐒰 𐒰𐓏𐒰́𐒽𐒻𐒷 π“π’»Μπ’Ώπ’°Ν˜π“„π’·whenever they saw me they wanted to talk2as soon asπ“‡π’»Μπ“€π’»π““π’»Ν˜ 𐒰𐓄𐒰 π’°π“π’°ΜΝ˜π“π’°π“„π’» 𐒰𐒹𐒰 π“‚Μπ’½π’°Ν˜ 𐒰𐓄𐒱́just as soon as the girls saw me, they helped her3immediately whenπ’°Ν˜π“π’°ΜΝ˜π“π’°π“„π’» 𐒰́𐒹𐒰 π’°Ν˜π“π’°ΜΝ˜π’½π’»π’· π’Όπ“‚ΜΝ˜π“π’°π“„π’·when he saw me, he [immediately] wanted to talk with me4immediately after5whereuponπ’°Ν˜π“π’°ΜΝ˜π“π’°π“„π’» 𐒰́𐒹𐒰 π“ˆπ’°Μ„π’Όπ’·Μ 𐒰𐓄𐒱when they saw me, they started fighting6thereupon𐒻𐒰𐒹𐒰
𐒰𐒹𐒷𐓆𐒰𐓓𐒻𐒰́𐒹𐒷𐓆𐒰́𐓓𐒻transitive verb1speak saucily to anyone2stick to an opinion3continue to assert4insist on, instead of yielding
𐒰𐒹𐒻𐒰𐒹𐒻́intransitive verb1reach there, not his home, or for the first time2go there (motion accomplished)3come there4arrive there5be there6be in attendance7stop in, go by, come by8get (e.g., 'get old')9become (suddenly?)10begin to, start to11suddenly start toπ’Ήπ’»π’°π’Ήπ“Žπ’°π’Όπ“‡π’»π’°π’Ύπ“Žπ’°π’Ώπ’·π’°π’Ώπ’»π’°π“Šπ’»π’°π“π’·For motion verbs, the initial a- is rarely used on first- or second-person forms, and is often omitted with third-person subject.
𐒰𐒹𐓂𐓇𐒻𐒼𐒷𐒰́𐒹𐓂𐓇𐒻𐒼𐒷transitive verb1force one to yield2compulsionπ’°π’Ήπ“Žπ“‡π’»π’Όπ’·
π’°π’Ήπ“Žπ’°Μπ’Ήπ“Žπ’°Μπ’Ήπ“Žnoun1wing2wings3shoulder bladeπ’°π’Ήπ’»Ν˜
π’°π’Ήπ“Žπ’°π’Ήπ“ŽΜintransitive verb1be coming to this place, not his home, or for the first time2come here (motion underway)π’Ήπ“Žπ’°π’Ήπ’»π’°π’Όπ“‡π’»π’°π’Ύπ“Žπ’°π’Ώπ’·π’°π’Ώπ’»π’°π“Šπ’»π’°π“π’·For motion verbs, the initial a- is rarely used on first- or second-person forms, and is often omitted with third-person subject.
𐒰𐒼𐒰𐒴𐒰𐒰́𐒼𐒰𐒴𐒰transitive verb1open, as one's eyes or arms2open the eyes on something𐒰𐒼𐒰𐓄𐓍𐒰𐒰-𐒼𐒰-
𐒰𐒼𐒰𐒹𐒰𐒰́𐒼𐒰𐒹𐒰1on2upon3on top4on top of5topnoun6summitnoun7outside of, as an enclosure8on the outside9upon the brow of
π’°π’Όπ’°π’Ήπ’°π“ˆπ’°π’°Μπ’Όπ’°π’Ήπ’°Μπ“‰π’°adverb1outside of a certain area2on the outside3on the outskirts of4in the surroundings of5on the other side (of a perimeter)6afterward7after the present event8in the future9hereafter10off the record11outside of the main events or activity and in secret12isolated from13socially distant fromπ’°π’Όπ’°π’Ήπ’°π“ˆπ’°π’°π“‡π’»π“ˆπ’°
𐒰𐒼𐒰𐒹𐒻𐓍𐒰𐒰́𐒼𐒰𐒹𐒻́𐓍𐒰transitive verb1the wind blows a robe, etc., on a person, etc.𐒰-𐒼𐒰𐒹𐒻𐓍𐒰
𐒰𐒼'π’°π’Ήπ“Žπ’·π’°Μπ’Ό'π’°π’Ήπ“ŽΜπ’·noun1south wind
𐒰𐒼𐒰𐒼'𐒷𐒰́𐒼𐒰𐒼'𐒷transitive verb1cut off the meat in thin strips from a slaughtered animal𐒰-𐒼𐒰-
𐒰𐒼𐒰𐒼𐓂𐒼𐒷𐒰́𐒼𐒰𐒽𐓂́𐒼𐒷transitive verb1make the sound "koge" by hitting on an objectπ’°π’Όπ’°π’Όπ“Žπ’Όπ’·π’°-𐒼𐒰𐒼𐓂𐒼𐒷
π’°π’Όπ’°π’Ώπ’°Ν˜π’°Μπ’Όπ’°π’Ώπ’°Ν˜verb1stick or adhereπ’°π’Όπ’°π’Όπ“π’°Ν˜π’°π“π’°π“†π“ˆπ’°
𐒰𐒼𐒰𐓆𐓄𐒷𐒰́𐒼𐒰̄𐓆𐓅𐒷transitive verb1put over2put upon3cover (as with cloth or blanket)4cover with dirt (as a grave)5cover over6cover up7cover an object completely, concealing every part𐒰-
π’°π’Όπ’°π“†π“ˆπ’°π’°Μπ’Όπ’°π“†π“ˆπ’°transitive verb1beat iron, etc., flat on an anvil, etc.2weld𐒰-𐒼𐒰-
π’°π’Όπ’°π“†π“ˆπ’°Ν˜π’°Μπ’Όπ’°π“†π“ˆπ’°Ν˜transitive verb1cut off the ends of the web of a feather, which is on somethign else, making it even at the edges, before gluing the web to an arrow shaft𐒰-𐒼𐒰-
π’°π’Όπ’°π“ˆπ’°π“π’°π’°Μπ’Όπ’°π“‰π’°Μπ“π’°transitive verb1knock to pieces, or make fly in pieces, as a ball of snow or clod of earth, by throwing it at an object2shiver a bottle, etc., by throwing at it or hitting itπ’°π’Όπ’°π“ˆ'𐒰𐓍𐒰𐒰-π’Όπ’°π“ˆπ’°π“π’°π’°π“„π’°π“ˆπ’°π“π’°
π’°π’Όπ’°π“Š'π’·π“Š'π’·π’°Μπ’Όπ’°π“Š'π’·π“Š'𐒷transitive verb1fall in drops2make a liquid fall in drops3sprinkle clothing𐒰-π’Όπ’°π“Š'π’·π“Š'𐒷This term uses reduplication which means part of the word (usually just one syllable) is repeated to express the idea of an action or idea occurring over and over. If the syllable being reduplicated ends in "e," it almost always changes to "a." For example, "-se" would become "-sasa" or "-sase."
𐒰𐒼𐒰𐓍𐒷𐒰́𐒼𐒰𐓍𐒷transitive verb1cut, as meat, into thin slices or strips on an object𐒰-𐒼𐒰-𐒰𐒼𐒰
π’°π’Όπ’°π“π’°π“Šπ’·π’°Μπ’Όπ’°Μ„π“π’°Μπ“Šπ’·transitive verb1cover an object so as to conceal part2cover over by spreading some material upon𐒰-𐒼𐒰-
𐒰𐒼𐒰𐓒𐓂𐒰́𐒼𐒰𐓒𐓂transitive verb1inquire into2examine3inspect4probe5test by questionsπ’°π’Όπ’°π“’π“Ž
𐒰𐒼𐒰𐓓𐒻𐒰́𐒼𐒰̄𐓓𐒻transitive verb1tell, direct, or command one to do anything2dictate, command, or order3force over or through something4order, command, or force someone to do a task5make someone do something
π’°π’Όπ’°π““π’»Ν˜π“Šπ’·π’°Μπ’Όπ’°π““π’»ΜΝ˜π“Šπ’·transitive verb1hit on sheet iron, tin, etc. (as with a hammer and punch, in order to punch holes in the metal), making a rattling or rustling sound𐒰-𐒼𐒰-
𐒰𐒼𐒻𐒷𐒰́𐒽𐒻𐒷1talk for or againsttransitive verb2talk up or talk down, as when expressing one's emotions with respect to some topictransitive verb3take up fortransitive verb4argue on behalf oftransitive verb5take someone's side (as an attorney at law argues on behalf of a client)transitive verb6contend, as in a game or raceverb𐒰𐒼𐒻𐓍𐒷𐒼𐒻𐒼-𐒻𐒼𐒻𐒷
𐒰𐒼𐒻𐒷 π’Ήπ’Ώπ“Žπ’Όπ’·π’°Μπ’½π’»π’· π’Ήπ’Ώπ“ŽΜπ’Όπ’·noun1a child about a year old, one that is beginning to walk